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Medical Emergency Equipment

Each dental practice must have a selection of equipment for use in medical emergencies, and dental team members must be competent in the use of medical emergency equipment. Note that employers must accept responsibility for the actions of staff.

To enable you to deal with any medical emergency as it arises, ensure that you have immediate access to the following equipment recommended by the Resuscitation Council (UK) and the National Dental Advisory Committee (NDAC):

  • Portable oxygen cylinder (see Medical Emergency Drugs)with pressure reduction valve and flowmeter;
  • Oxygen face mask with tubing (for breathing patients; e.g. Hudson mask);
  • Oropharyngeal airways (sizes 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4);
  • Pocket mask with oxygen port (for non-breathing patients, for use by a single operator), available in each treatment area;
  • Self-inflating bags with oxygen reservoir (for non-breathing patients)(adult and child sizes);
  • Clear adult and child face masks for attaching to self-inflating bag (sizes 0,1,2,3,4);
  • Portable suction (independently powered) with appropriate suction catheters and tubing (e.g. Yankauer sucker) (NB: the suction catheters are manufacturer specific);
  • Automated external defibrillator (AED).
    • The AED should be mapped on to the Scottish Ambulance Service control system to enable ambulance call handlers to direct the public to the practice while an ambulance is on its way.
  • Adhesive Defibrillator pads
    • A spare set of pads is also recommended

You should also ensure that the following are available:

  • Single-use sterile syringes (1 ml) and needles (size 21G);
  • ‘Spacer’ device for inhaled bronchodilators.

Additional equipment is required in surgeries that provide conscious sedation; therefore, refer to the Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme (SDCEP) guidance Conscious Sedation in Dentistry for details