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Fire Safety Risk Assessment

You have a duty to manage fire safety if you are responsible for the premises. To do this you need to carry out a fire risk assessment. Firelaw [1] provides information about fire law and safety in Scotland including guidance notes and blank fire safety risk assessment record sheets [2] drawn up in partnership with Healthy Working Lives [3] which you can use to conduct and record a fire safety risk assessment.

The five stages of a fire safety risk assessment are:

Identify the location of people (staff, patients and visitors) at risk in the event of fire.

Identify fire hazards, i.e. the three elements required for fire to start:

  • Sources of ignition (cooking, smoking, lighting equipment, electrical equipment)
  • Sources of fuel (flammable gases, liquids or solids)
  • Sources of oxygen (forms of air conditioning/ventilation; draughts as well as oxygen present in the air)

Evaluate the risk and decide if existing fire safety measures are adequate by:

  • Evaluating the likelihood of a fire occurring and the consequence to those at risk
  • Assessing the adequacy of existing fire safety measures and the need for additional measures
  • Minimising risks by:
    • removing or reducing fire hazards
    • removing or reducing risks to people by use of (where appropriate): fire detection and warning equipment (e.g. smoke detectors and fire alarm); fire-fighting equipment; escape routes and lighting; signs or notices; regular maintenance and testing of fire precautions and equipment
    • effective Fire Risk Management
    • providing fire safety training of staff

Record findings and action taken, or to be taken.

Keep assessment under review.


Fire Safety Risk Assessment: Forms and Guidance (provided by the Scottish Government, Safer Communities Directorate)

Example Fire Safety Risk Assessment (provided by the Scottish Centre for Healthy Working Lives)